How Steel Buildings Are Manufactured

Have you ever wondered how steel buildings are manufactured? The process is both complicated and precise. The manufacture of a steel building is an awesome combination of engineering, draftsmanship, ingenuity, teamwork, know-how and metal building manufacturing expertise. Each building receives the utmost care and attention throughout the manufacturing process, manufactured by experienced craftsmen and watched over by a dedicated staff of professionals from start to finish. Precision engineering, machinery and components plus exceptional quality control yield a precision high quality manufactured product.

Once a customer has purchased a pre-engineered steel building or metal building system, their sales person, who performs multiple functions of building consultant, building designer, technician and estimator, forwards the purchaser’s order to the steel building factory. In the top metal building factories, the factory itself fabricates all required building components in house. That way, all components are compatible and go together easily on the job site with no surprises and no waiting for components to arrive from different suppliers.

At the steel building factory, the order entry department oversees the order from start to finish, from the time the order is received until the steel building is shipped. Steel building factory staff verifies all design codes, snow and wind loads and seismic information to make sure that everything complies with the purchaser’s contract and enters the order into scheduling software to ensure that the buildings manufacture is efficiently managed.

Pre-engineered steel buildings engineers are responsible for optimization of the steel building, each engineer certified by the state where the building will be constructed. Building details including snow and wind loads and seismic information is input into an advanced metal building software program that generates engineered shop drawings for the framing of the building as well as other drawings needed for the buildings manufacture and construction.

The metal building factory’s pre-engineered steel building engineers review the building drawings and check the purchase order again for accuracy. Permit drawings are generated that can be used to help secure permits to erect the building.

Actual building production begins with the input of building specifications into CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machinery, a process that involves the use of computers to control machines programmed with CNC machining language (G-code). The CNC machinery controls all machine features including feeds and speeds. 

Components of steel buildings, such as I-beams, gutters and down spouts, sidewalls and end wall panels, and even standing seam roofs are systematically manufactured in designated areas called “lines” throughout the metal building factory. Each manufacturing line completes a specific function, automated by use of conveyors that move the steel sheeting, I-beams and fabricated metal components from station to station. Since each steel building is manufactured to order, building components are produced as required to fulfill each steel buildings exact specifications. 

The manufacture of steel buildings rafters and columns begins with the Plasma Table. The Plasma Table cuts the web, the center of the rafter or column (like the center of the letter “H”). The web moves to a holding station waiting to move by automated conveyor to the station where the web will be tack-welded to the flange. 

The flange machine cuts flanges into specified lengths determined by the pre-engineered buildings specifications from steel bar stock. After cutting, the flanges move to a holding station waiting to move by automated conveyor to the station where the flanges will be tack-welded to the web prior to going through the automatic welding machine. 

Certified welders tack-weld flanges and webs in place to form rafters and columns. The tacked rafters and columns move by conveyor to the PHI machine. At the PHI machine, an automatic welding process fuses the web and flange materials, permanently welding the flanges to the web. A Welding Inspector checks all welds to ensure that strict AISC standards are met. 

Roof and sidewall panels are fabricated from steel sheeting. Large coils of metal sheeting are placed in a machine called an “uncoiler” which passes the sheeting through another machine called a “straightener” that straightens the sheet. The straightened sheet is die cut and passes through a roll former to give the straightened sheet the shape of roof or sidewall sheeting. As with all machinery in the steel building factory, computers are feeding information to the metal corrugation machine giving it the exact specifications for each building. 

Sophisticated machinery on the Trim Line automates the process by which custom trim is formed and ensures exact bends and perfect angles. Starting with a coil of steel mounted on an uncoiler, the steel passes through a straightener to a series of ten roll formers that form the shape of each trim and make all trim components: rake trim, corner trim, jamb trim, head trim, base trim, eave trim, rake angle, base angle, gutter straps, downspouts and gutters. 

Out in the yard the Staging Department gathers all the steel building components and carefully loads them onto trucks to deliver the building to the job site. Special attention is given to the Bill of Materials ensuring that every order is complete and accurate. The Traffic Office handles the shipment of each building, scheduling trucks and coordinating buildings to arrive at the job site on time where the erection crew is waiting for delivery.

Top 7 Building Design Trends in 2010

A lot has been said on how the sub-prime crisis and the ensuing credit crunch have impacted new construction projects on timelines. That said, building design work has never stopped for a moment, what with architects and building designers working overtime to come up with modern and trendy designs for the latest building projects. The result – You could find a lot of modular building systems and eco building products showing up on the design sheets.

Here, for your information, are top 7 building design trends in 2010

1. Safety and security clearly top the list – If the September 11 attacks brought about a positive enforcement to building structures and their safety, it is in the fact that safety and security took precedence over other parameters in building designs. More stringent codes for building standards ensured that buildings were completed to be proof from wind, earthquake, other natural disasters and man-made catastrophes too.

2. Priority to accommodate the need for updated information systems – A lot of lessees have been demanding the need of increased bandwidth in their buildings. That’s probably why you would find developers working overtime to look at the wiring and ducting of the building. This may eat up some space, but developers and building designers aren’t willing to compromise on this aspect.

Increased electrical capacity, fiber optics connectivity, and the heating and air conditioning mechanisms are the need of the hour.

3. Green buildings, of course – More and more designers and developers are working on how buildings could get green. Energy efficiency and cost savings in energy is driving a lot of designers to work on green designs. Given the fact that these buildings provide fresh air, closer connect to nature and a whole host of other benefits, developers seem to giving a lot of importance to this aspect too.

4. Light, ventilation, space and other natural elements – No tenant today wants to move into a room that is congested. People just don’t want to be stifled for space, which has forced designers and developers to make sure that the rooms are spacious enough and well-ventilated. A lot of buyers are paying attention to the configuration of the rooms. Ones with more columns are seemingly getting rejected on count of them eating up some space.

5. Enforcing the brand of the company, key too – The focus on having their office space as a way to reinforce the company’s brand has forced a lot of buyers to look at buying properties that fulfill these conditions. The subtle message delivered by the brand identity does enough to motivate employees and also strike a good relationship with clients too.

6. Collaboration works even in this day of telecommuting – Although telecommuting seems to be more of a trend what with about 40 Million telecommuting from their homes, latest building projects seem to address the face-face interaction aspect. As a result, you would find a lot of building design work revolving around having dens, meeting places in offices.

7. Creating comfort at workspace – Some years back, offices were more of recreational areas than being strict office spaces, by the traditional stretch of imagination. Agreed that the dot-com bubble bursting has had its own effect on some business owners, but the fact that some recreational space does wonders for employee motivation hasn’t been lost on business owners. As a result, you would find a lot of buyers looking for these facets to be integrated in their office spaces.

Apart from eco building projects and modular systems, you would find that buyers of today are increasingly sensitive to the price they pay. Most importantly though, they also wish to have full value for the price paid.

Items That Are Helpful to Know Before Meeting With a Building Consultant

A building consultant is an expert professional who can work with you on any building issue. Queensland’s thriving building industry has some of the best building consultants in Australia. These are the people you need to help you clarify issues and solve problems. While doing this, they’ll save you a lot of worry and a lot of money.

How to know when you need an expert

Building is a very technical business and a complex science, even for professionals. The industry is the workplace of engineers, experts in building science, and architects. Australia has more than its fair share of specialists, particularly building consultants in Brisbane on the Sunshine Coast and other major building markets.

What a building consultant can do for you

Building consultants have a pretty wide range of roles, often in combinations. Their services include:

  • Design consultation
  • Home structural issues
  • Technical advice
  • Renovations construction issues
  • Second opinions
  • Site issues
  • Approvals

Whatever you’re trying to do, a building consultant is a good option to cover all the angles, particularly technical issues. Some types of building, including renovations, may also involve complex statutory issues and planning considerations. Queensland building consultants know these things chapter and verse, so you’ve come to the right place.

Information is the basis of good consultation- what the building consultant needs to know

The key to good consultation is objectivity. The best approach is to create a clear picture of what you’re trying to achieve. To do the job properly, a consultant will require a good knowledge base. When setting up your meeting, it’s a good idea to ask what information is required, and suggest anything else you may want to discuss.

The consultation process- A two way dialog

A consultation can get a lot done in a hurry. You’ll find your consultant is well organized, and knows what to ask, as well as the answers to questions. The basic format for a consultation is a discussion of objectives, ideas and methods. The consultant structures the process creating a good working model for organizing the discussion and make sure to cover all the issues.

Problem solving

Specific problems need to be managed. Explain the problem like a storyline, beginning to end. This explains how the problem developed, which is exactly what your building consultant needs to know. The consultant will probably ask a few more questions, and then outline options. The questions will relate to what’s acceptable to you as a solution.

Decision making without the worry

A consultant can take the stress out of decision making. Some problems can be solved easily by professionals that can baffle anyone else. This also gives you some further perspectives about possibilities and better still, clear options.

Really, there’s no need to worry about a problem a professional Queensland building consultant can solve for you easily. You can make your decisions with a clear picture and no worries at all.